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小学单词按国际音标发音规则归类

文章发布时间:2015/5/27 12:30:38



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1 元音

1) [i:] 字母组合:ee ea e ie

(ee): three tree green sheep meet beef see seek

 (ea): eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean please

 (e): he she me              (ie,ei): piece receive ceiling

2) [i] 发音字母 i y e

 (i): sit picture it is list six mix fix fit pig big build miss

 (y): myth many twenty happy dictionary

 (e): defect decide delicious

3) [?]发音字母 a

 (a): bag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back glad

flag shall man

4) [e] 字母组合 ea e a

 (ea): head bread pleasure

 (e): elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes 

 (a): many any

5) [?:] 字母组合ir ur ear er or

 (ir): girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird

 ( ur): turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger

 (ear): learn earn earth heard       

 (er): term her nerd serve

 (or): work worm work world

6) [?] 字母组合 er or ou ar o a e u

 (er): teacher leader remember player speaker farmer powder

 (or): doctor actor mayor author tractor

 (ou): delicious gracious

 (ar): familiar collar dollar

 (o): together tomorrow today lesson Washington control polite

 (a): around account ago elephant manta banana Canada Japan china men

 (e): listen      (u): famulus Saturday

7) [a:] 字母组合 ar a

 (ar): car farm card arm garden   

 (a): fast class last glass plant aunt calm

8) [? ] 发音字母 u o ou oo

 (u): up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus

 (o): come mother dose brother love above

 (ou): trouble rough flourish      (oo): blood flood

9) [?: ]字母组合 al or au our ar aw

 (al): small wall talk tall hall ball call walk

 (or): short more lord horse for forty sport door floor store

 (au): author caught autumn       (our): four mourn court bought

 (ar): warm quarrel quarter         (aw): draw saw flaw

10) [?] 发音字母 o a

 (o): hot lost lot fox box mop hop loss collar not       (a): want wash

11) [u:] 字母组合 oo o u

 (oo): food moon room gloom broom doom goose tooth

 (o): shoe do two                   (u): true truth blue full

12) [u] 字母组合 oo ou u o

 (oo): look good foot book          (ou): should could

 (u): put full bull pull push          (o): woman wolf

13) [ei] 发音字母 a ay ea ai ey

 (a): name cake late gate plane April

 (ay): play say may way             (ea): great break

 (ai): rain paint plain                (ey): they grey

14) [ai] 发音字母 i y

 (i): bike fine find die nine light night high

 (y): my try fly eye

15) [au] 字母组合 ou ow

 (ou): house out flour ground account count sound loud around mouse

 (ow): flower down now cow how town

16) [?u] 发音字母 o ow oa

 (o): home cold go no phone host ghost

 (ow): know low below grow blow show flow

 (oa): boat coat goal

17) [?? ] 字母组合oy oi

 (oy): boy toy joy                  (oi): oil soil voice choice

18) [i?] 字母组合 eer

 (eer): beer deer    (ear): ear near    (ere) here   (ier) fierce   (ea) idea

19) [e?] 字母组合ear air are ere

(ear) pear bear   (air) chair air fair    (are) care       (ere) there where

20) [u?]   hour tour poor flower shower

2 容易混淆的元音

[?] bad bed hand           [e] bet bite red  

[e] head man men land lend pan pen sad said

[i:] real rail greet great        [ei] mean main read raid

[ai] write said side head hide   [?:] nor corn horse lord

[a?] house loud south cloud count clause now

[a?] found down town         [?] fond done gone ton

3辅音

1) [p] pen pear play pig pour pull push

2) [b] book big boot bike bread break

3) [t] tree two ten ton town twenty city

4) [d] door dull desk dose do dog dictionary

5) [k] (发音字母k) king kite key look cook book kitchen sky

(发音字母c) card cat cream correct climb come account accept

(发音字母x) fox box oxygen x-ray

(字母组合ch) school schedule schema

6) [g] girl good goal goat grade long language

7) [m] man make moon morning move come comb

8) [n] pen ten nine fine night noon moon clean

9) [?]

(n) uncle bank English think thank junk

(ng) sing king morning evening

10) [l] long land lend lord fly flag black

world cold could goal soul

11) [r] read red right run room write

12) [f] (字母ffive fly fine flag frog fog roof knife life wife

(字母ghcough laugh rough     (字母ph) physic photo phone

13) [v] ( 字母v) very evening even every voice vest  

(字母f) of

14) [s] (发音字母s) six sit student same seat kiss miss case scarf

(发音字母c) license city cease cedar ceiling celebrate

(字母组合ce) licence piece juice science lance space ace

15) [z] (字母z) zoo zebra zero zap

(字母se) close nose hose suppose pause those whose

16) [θ] (字母组合th) think thank three thirty tooth mouth

17) [e ] (字母组合th) that this those these though

18) [?] ((字母组合sh) sheep shoulder ship shoe she brush wash

(字母组合tion [?n]) nation attention station

字母csocial special      (字母s) sure

19) [? ] (字母s) pleasure

20) [h] hot hop home house horse how who

21) [w] when what where window wind wood

22) [j] yes year yell you your yolk yellow

23) [t? ] (字母组合chchild chicken china chair lunch ouch teach

catch watch match

24) [d?] (ge) age language cabbage vegetable stage bridge

(j)  joy enjoy join July June junk

25) [tr] tree country try treat track trunk

26) [dr] dry dream drop drive drink

27) [ts] students boots boats goats nuts

28) [dz] goods woods moods hoods

4容易混淆的辅音

[v] [w]    vest west   vet wet   vine wine   very well

[s] [z]     close cloth                  [z] [e ]    breeze breathe   

[z] [θ]    sink think  mass math  miss myth  

[n] [? ]   thin thing  sin sing  ran rang  ban bang  win wing

5 字母,组合音节发音规律

1a = [ei] [?] [? ] [a:] [? ]

[ei] late private grade bake grape nation station page

[?] active hand bank fan parent family glad flag

[? ] accept about above formative machine cinema

[a:] fast last glass class past father

[? ] wash what watch want

2e = [i:] [e] [i] [?] 不发音

[i:] appreciate  extremely  secret  she  me  he

[e] letter left  message  generate  pebble

[i] decide  pretty  previous  result  restore

[?] problem  prosperous  student  confident

[不发音] active  table  late  wife  store  lecture

3i =[ai] [i]  

[ai] high  price  library  ice  cream  wife  size  line

[ai] fist  pick  chicken  piano  fiancé  city  unit

4o = [??] [U: ] [?] [? ] [?]

[?? ] lode  host  cold  note  okay  old  home

[U:] lose  do  who  whose  prove

[?] love  some  other  mother  honey  company

[?] today  tomorrow  together  control  collect

[?] lost  hot  mock  office  soft  honest

5u = [ju] [u] [?] [?]

[ju] university  refuse  unique  universe  huge

[u] put  push  pull  full  bull  

[?] but  brush  bucket  duck  bubble      [?] support  suggest

6c = [k] [s]

[k] country camp camera courage cable

[s] city ceiling celebrate cell cease

7g = [g] [d?]

[g] girl grade glass glade bag flag

[d?] village vegetable bridge gentleman gym

8) l = [l] 读音不同

listen learn language collect English gorilla

world cold soil tall sell cool animal

9) n = [n] [?]

[n] moon night noodle number         [?] uncle hungry angry young

10) r = [r] (美语发音)

right read write grade progress

card board door floor form north

11y = [j] [i] [ai]

[j] yellow year yell young yolk        [i] university country pretty happy

[ai] dyke dying fly buy by my

12ar = [a:] [?] [?: ]

[a:] farm card garden mark   [?] dollar     [?:] warm quarrel quarter

13) ea =[i:] [e] [ei] [??]

[i:] cease season breathe feature meat please

[e] bread breast breath meadow weather

[ei] great break                 [??] idea realize

14) ear =[?: ] [??]

[?:] learn earth earn heard             [??] hear near clear ear fear

15) er =[?:] [?] [??]

[?:] deserve serve her person          [?] teacher driver anger singer

[??] serious experience mysterious fierce

16 ere = [??] [e?]

[??] here mere fere sere         [e?] there

17) ir = [?: ] [ai]

[?: ] shirt girl skirt            [ai] admire desire

18) oo = [u:] [u] [? ] [?:]

[u:] room tool cool moon noon goof food

[u] good foot stood wood wool cook wood book

[?] blood flood                  [?:] door floor

19) or = [?:] [?:] [?]

[?:] short form corn born for         [?:] work world worm word worst

[?] tractor doctor actor sector senior senator

20) oor = [?: ] [?? ]

[?: ] door floor           [??] moor poor boor

21) our = [a??] [?:]

[a??] hour flour          [?:] pour court four mourn

22) ou =[au] [?] [? ]

[au] house mouth mouse sound found

[?] enough trouble touch               [?] delicious gracious prosperous

23) ow = [??] [au]

[??] window meadow know show low     [au] now town how down cow

24) se = [z] [s]

[z] nose suppose gose lose pose rose     [s] mouse house

25) th = [θ] [e]

[θ] thank think thought cloth            [e] clothes that this then than

26) sion = [?n] [?n ]

[?n] tension passion     [?n] conclusion television

27) tion = [?n ] [t?n ](不常见)

[?n ] station nation translation attention      

[t?] question

6关于语音的几个概念:

音素: 音的最小单位,英语中有48个音素.

音节: 由元音和辅音构成的发音单位.

元音: 发音响亮,是乐音,口腔中气流不受阻碍,是音节的主要组成部分.英语中有20个元音.

辅音: 发音不响亮,是噪音,口腔中气流受到阻碍,不是音节的重要组成部分, 28个辅音.

开音节: 1) 辅音+元音+辅音+不发音e  

kite  cake  name  bike  make  take  home  plane  shine

2) 辅音+元音   

he  hi  go  no  do  be  tree  three  hello

闭音节: 1) 辅音+元音+辅音    sit bed bad bag hot hop let mad map head

2) 元音+辅音         it  is  of  in  on  up  out  ant


早上起床后用平底锅摊煎一些土豆丝蛋饼,只需十分钟左右即可完成,在搭配豆浆或牛奶真是非常美味营养。香煎土豆丝鸡蛋饼的做法准备原料:土豆、鸡蛋、面粉、虾皮准备调料:盐、黑胡椒、水、食用油制作过程:1、取大小适中的土豆一个,洗净去皮切丝,泡两次水除去多余淀粉。2、将鸡蛋打入土豆丝中,再放入适量面粉,放少许虾皮、黑胡椒粉和盐。3、加入适量水搅拌均匀。4、平底锅加热,倒入少许食用油,将土豆丝面糊放入锅中摊平

早上起床后用平底锅摊煎一些土豆丝蛋饼,只需十分钟左右即可完成,在搭配豆浆或牛奶真是非常美味营养。香煎土豆丝鸡蛋饼的做法准备原料:土豆、鸡蛋、面粉、虾皮准备调料:盐、黑胡椒、水、食用油制作过程:1、取大小适中的土豆一个,洗净去皮切丝,泡两次水除去多余淀粉。2、将鸡蛋打入土豆丝中,再放入适量面粉,放少许虾皮、黑胡椒粉和盐。3、加入适量水搅拌均匀。4、平底锅加热,倒入少许食用油,将土豆丝面糊放入锅中摊平



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