本文位置:首页 > > 娱乐新闻 >

「catgotyourtongue」的来历是什么?

文章发布时间:2015/7/2 2:16:28



安瓿瓶里面的药剂是怎样装进去的?军事视频库之(陆海空军)系列集【视频】如何快速祛痘?书法意境牛顿爱吃苹果吗?

耳機插頭鍍膜的磨損對音質有何影響?夜色美人诸葛亮的三分策略是不是注定不成功的?为什么?瑞利随机变量的和是什么分布?朋友,你今天笑了吗?千年的古筝流水的韵你善于安于现状还是敢于挑战?【图文】2012布局中国:十八大前后重要人事变动汇总缃戜笂鐪嬪埌鐨勪竴棣栬瘲锛屾劅鍔ㄥ埌璁╀綘鎯虫祦娉紝璇楃殑鍚嶅瓧鍙€婁絾浣犳病鏈夈€?如何追常年混迹知乎的女生?总是会莫名的把小问题扩大伤害身边的人该怎么控制自己?请帖、介绍信、约会书信的写法和礼貌用语辛全生传统木工工具制作视频第三集平刨制作(下集)—在线播放—优酷网,视频高清在线观看为什么蟑螂死了会面朝天?在家也可以自制美味的意大利冰激凌【黑巧克力GELATO】佛说【美图共赏】客户总是见不着怎么办?音画制图鉴赏:红烛泪表白被拒,却答应我说可以继续追她,但聊天感觉再也回不去了?求各位支个招。?2月6号心路老师PS时尚签名课录女人可以一辈子不谈恋爱不结婚吗?读图:金融业薪酬大起底超级异性吸引术完整版【下】你是如何克服多次失败养成好习惯的?瀛﹂湼鏄浣曠偧鎴?楂樿€冪姸鍏冧滑鐨勫ソ涔犳儻蜂蜜养生法混搭配方喝出健康长寿哲言心语...!美丽优雅的针织配色提花高领斗篷祖传秘方:酒皶鼻圣方——七叶饮上市公司的股东投票权是否可以分割?Premiere实例教程之Shine插件绘制阳为什么有的男人喜欢炫富?中国土地制度改革的思考我想了解外交,国际关系,政治方面,该看些什么书?上名校,学习力就是竞争力东林寺大安法师关于婚外情的开示工作必须是快乐的怎样在家做瑜伽达到有教练带领的效果?八卦、九宫配合断事的妙用寰█纰庤185

笑话看的太多,会导致笑点变高而对绝大部分笑话免疫吗?如果是那岂不是会影响生活质量?祖先福蔭相一代伟人晚年的悲剧暮年的毛泽东都迷恋什么(寰█纰庤185

「catgotyourtongue」的来历是什么?先写个小总结放在最前面:这个主要参考自一些国外的问答的网站上的三个不同来源的回答。

这三个回答有重合之处,在前两个回答中,我将这部分重合用粗体标出,这个重复之处就是流传最广的「都市传说」了。这个解释指出,这个惯用语与海员们受到的一种酷刑有关,与这种酷刑有关的刑具叫做「九尾鞭」(直译应该叫做「九尾猫」,以下文字和图片引用自维基百科『九尾鞭』条目:它最初在英国皇家海军以及英国的陆军中用作为重体罚的刑具,在英国和其它一些国家的执法体罚中也有过实用。九尾鞭这个名称在英语中首次出现于1695年。名称的来源可能是它导致的平行的伤痕像爪导致的伤痕一样。它的设计可能比其名称更早。)因此人们或许吞吞吐吐的原因并非literally地与作为动物的猫有关,而可能与九尾鞭这种刑具有关,直接面对酷刑,所以才吞吞吐吐,看起来也很合理。
但是这个解释的可靠性仍然是可疑的,不过它仍然是一个最被流传的又略合理的解释,也因此大家似乎都把这样的说法看成是一个「来源」。只是大家并不认为这个回答就是唯一一个可信的解释,这个词还很有可能就仅仅是来自于小朋友们的玩笑话。通过各类词典可以知道这个词最早出现在字典中的时间、以及现在这个词的用法。但这个词的终极的来源,似乎还并没有解释太清楚。不管怎样,前两个答案都指出,从字典收录的情况来看,这个词在英语世界的广泛使用或许并没有那么长时间的历史。我想,这是下面第三个答案所提供的4个理论不够可靠的地方。

第一个解释来自The meanings and origins of sayings and phrases
Cat got your tongue?

'Cat got your tongue?' is the shortened form of the query 'Has the cat got your tongue?' and it is the short form that is more often used. It is somewhat archaic now but was in common use until the 1960/70s. It was directed at anyone who was quiet when they were expected to speak, and often to children who were being suspiciously unobtrusive.
There's no derivation that involves any actual cat or celebrated incident of feline theft. It certainly doesn't relate to sailors becoming taciturn when punished with the cat o' nine tails as some have suggested - that's pure invention. Like the blackbird that 'pecked off his nose', the phrase is just an example of the lighthearted imagery that is, or was, directed at children.
The expression sounds as though it might be old but isn't especially so. It isn't found in print until 1881, in the US illustrated paper Ballou's Monthly Magazine, Volume 53:

Has the cat got your tongue, as the children say?
The demarcation of the phrase as being 'children's' suggests that it may be earlier than the 1880s. Children's language wasn't written down until it became used by adults, which may be some years after it was common parlance in the playground.


第二个解释来自The Q&A wiki地址是:What does 'cat got your tongue' mean

The most surprising thing about "cat got your tongue" may be that it seems to be a quite recent expression. While it certainly sounds as if it must have been dreamt up back in the Middle Ages, the earliest written example listed in the Oxford English Dictionary is from 1911. Also, there is some confusion about its origin. The Random House dictionary says it is from the mid-nineteenth Century and was used when talking to a child who refused to answer a parent's questions after doing something bad. However, other sources suggest that it comes from the English sailing ship days, and refers to the cat o' nine tails (a whip). If the captain or other officer told someone something in secrecy, he would be threatened with 'the cat' if he were to tell the others. Of course, if the others wanted to know what had been said they would say, "Tell us, or are you afraid? Has the cat got your tongue?" Other theories claim that the saying stems from a custom in the Middle East hundreds of years ago, when it was common to punish a thief by cutting off their right hand, and a liar by ripping out their tongue and then giving these severed body parts to the ruler's pet cats as part of their daily food.

关于这一问题还有其它许许多的解释,例如以下内容来自yahoo的问答,它就提出了4个理论,但是个人并不觉得这里提供的诸多说法是可靠的,但至少这些回答它有些趣味。仅仅放在最后提供参考:Where did the phrase "cat got your tongue" come from?

Dear Lauren:We aren't sure, but we do know one thing: Curiosity killed the cat. Despite that, we dove into etymology's muddy waters to find you an answer.
As is often the case with idioms, no one's positive of the origins of "cat got your tongue." However, there's no shortage of theories. Here are a few, in no particular order...

Theory #1
The saying comes from the Middle East, where as punishment, liars had their tongues ripped out and fed to the king's cats.

Theory #2
Fear of a whipping with a cat-o'-nine-tails, or "cat" for short, could paralyze a victim into silence.

Theory #3
The expression comes from the Middle Ages when witches were greatly feared and often put to death. It was believed that if you saw a witch, her cat would somehow "steal" or control your tongue so you couldn't report the sighting.

Theory #4
This one comes from our old friend Evan Morris, the Word Detective: "There's no particular logic to 'cat got your tongue,' except that cats have served as the object of human myth and metaphor for thousands of years."

So there you have it -- sort of. This list is by no means exhaustive, and there are probably at least a half a dozen more possible explanations. Let's just leave it at this: "Like the history of the word 'cat' itself, the origins of some of these expressions are as mysterious as the Sphinx."显示全部


脆弱的中美军事互信,刚刚在两国首脑庄园会晤后迎来回暖气象,又遭遇半路杀出的“棱镜门”。中美间关于网络安全由来已久的争吵,如今再次风云突变。  外界一致认为,斯诺登的惊天泄密,让中国“手握一首好牌”。一直以来,在指责中国发起网络攻击的阵营里,奥巴马政府都冲锋在前,抱着扞卫网络自由和安全的大旗,在两国高层交谈中屡屡出招,华为等中国企业也不幸中招,在舆论上似乎落于下风的中国虽积极迎战,在外交部和国防部的

脆弱的中美军事互信,刚刚在两国首脑庄园会晤后迎来回暖气象,又遭遇半路杀出的“棱镜门”。中美间关于网络安全由来已久的争吵,如今再次风云突变。  外界一致认为,斯诺登的惊天泄密,让中国“手握一首好牌”。一直以来,在指责中国发起网络攻击的阵营里,奥巴马政府都冲锋在前,抱着扞卫网络自由和安全的大旗,在两国高层交谈中屡屡出招,华为等中国企业也不幸中招,在舆论上似乎落于下风的中国虽积极迎战,在外交部和国防部的



不存在相应的目录